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Arctic Char: Salvelinus alpinus^char.htm
Description, life cycle, and range. Focus on lake populations in Alaska.
Atlantic Salmon: Salmo salar
Physical characteristics, preferred foods, life cycle, and conservation status of this ocean-going native of large cool rivers, now raised commercially worldwide.
Atlantic Salmon: Salmo salar,1607,7-153-10364_18958-45639--,00.html
Fact sheet with photo, focused on this fish as it occurs in the North American Great Lakes, where it was introduced.
Brook Trout (Salvelinus fontinalis)
Illustration, information, and distribution in New York.
Brown Trout (Salmo trutta)
Includes distribution, physical characteristics, and natural history. From Nova Scotia Department of Agriculture and Fisheries.

Brown Trout: Salmo trutta,1607,7-153-10364_18958-45650--,00.html
Fact sheet, with image, about this fish of Europe and western Asia that was introduced and is naturalized in much of North America.
Chinook Salmon: Oncorhynchus tschawytscha,1607,7-153-10364_18958-45663--,00.html
Fact sheet with image, focused on the North American Great Lakes, where populations are maintained by annual stream stocking programs.
Coho Salmon: Oncorhynchus kisutch,1607,7-153-10364_18958-45666--,00.html
Fact sheet, with image, describing this fish particularly as it occurs in the North American Great Lakes, where it is introduced and maintained by stocking programs.
Conservation Genetic Management of Brown Trout in Europe
On-line report describing the conservation status of brown trout (Salmo trutta) and providing recommendations for conservation of genetic resources in this and other species of salmonid fishes.
Golden Trout - Oncorhynchus mykiss aguabonita
Photo and information about California's state fish and its habitat.

Kokanee Salmon: Oncorhynchus nerka kennerlyi
Freshwater sockeye salmon. Reproductively isolated ocean-going, stream-spawning, and lake beach-spawning populations may exist side by side. From a site on protection of the Okanagan Lake kokanee.
Lake Whitefish: Coregonus clupeaformis,1607,7-153-10364_18958-45680--,00.html
Fact sheet, with image, about this large fish of the North American Great Lakes.
Life Cycle of the Atlantic Salmon
Illustrated chart.
Menominee: Prosopium cylindraceum,1607,7-153-10364_18958-45683--,00.html
Fact sheet, with image, about this fish of the North American Great Lakes, also known as the round whitefish.
Pink Salmon: Oncorhynchus gorbuscha,1607,7-153-10364_18958-45686--,00.html
Fact sheet about this introduced fish of the North American Great Lakes, known in its native Pacific Northwest as the humpback salmon. Includes image.

Salmon Farms Pose Significant Threat To Salmon Fisheries In The Pacific Northwest
Farm-raised salmon are causing both ecological problems and economic problems for the commercial fishing industry.
Salmon: Spirit of the Land and Sea
An online photographic expedition on the biology of Pacific wild salmon in the coastal waters and rivers of British Columbia's Great Bear Rainforest.
Detailed key, with diagrams, for distinguishing between various European members of the Pike family (Esocidae), the Smelt family (Osmeridae) and the Salmon family (Salmonidae).
Steelhead: Salmo gairdneri,1607,7-153-10364_18958-45692--,00.html
Fact sheet about this introduced fish (a rainbow trout) of the North American Great Lakes, with image.
The Salmon Page
Large collection of links and other resources about these fish, compiled by an elementary school in Portland, Oregon. Topics include biology education and conservation, in addition to how to catch them, cook them, and buy them.


Answers to End-Of-Chapter Study Questions for Oceanography: An Invitation to Marine Science
by Tom Garrison
Australian Museum Fish Department
General introduction to ichthyology and information about the museum's research in the classification, systematics (relationships), and behaviour of fishes.
Behavioral Ecology of Fish
University of Padova, Italy, research group working on fish reproduction and ecology.
Brian W. Coad
Ichtyologist's site includes a dictionary of ichthyology plus information on freshwater fishes of Iran and of Canada's National Capital Region.
Calypso Publications
Technical publishers of ichthyological taxonomic texts, databases, and pocket guides. Descriptions of publications, book reviews, and sample images.
Careers in Ichthyology
Useful reading for those who might be interested in an ichthyological career.

Catalog of Fishes
Essential reference for any specialist dealing with fishes, particularly taxonomists. More than 53,000 species and subspecies; over 10,000 genera and subgenera and in excess of 16,000 bibliographic references.
Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Journal that publishes original research papers in all aspects of the physiology and biochemistry of fishes.
Fish, a Quick Course on Ichthyology
Introduction to the fishes presented by Odyssey Expeditions Tropical Marine Biology Voyages.
Time-lapse recordings and confocal images dealing with the developmental biology of fish.
Florida Museum of Natural History Ichthyology Collection
One of the largest collections in North America, containing 143,000 computer-catalogued lots of fishes (about 1.43 million specimens) which are searchable online. Information about the collection, as well as a searchable database, informative shark research, and a rich photo gallery are available.

Gesellschaft für Ichthyologie - Ichthyological Association
German language platform for scientists and ichthyologically interested persons. Provides information on upcoming events and a table of content and abstracts of articles published in the journal of the organization.
Ichthyology Web Resources
Includes specimen database and many links of use to ichthyologists.
Native Fish Research Group at UBC
Describes a group of researchers and projects dedicated to fish evolutionary genetics and conservation, primarily in British Columbia, Canada
Neodat Project
The Inter-Institutional Database of Fish Biodiversity in the Neotropics. Provides systematic and geographic data on neotropical freshwater fish specimens deposited in natural history collections.
Neotropical Ichthyological Association
Formed by a group of ichthyologists and students with a broad range of interests in neotropical fishes.

Nutrition Research Lab - University of Guelph
This laboratory studies the nutrition of salmonid fish. This includes studies on dietary nutrient and energy requirements and diet ingredient digestability in trout and salmon.
Texas Natural History Collections - Ichthyology
Images, distribution maps, and other information on Texas freshwater fish and all North American freshwater fish.
The Losey Lab
Learn about the ultraviolet (UV) world of coral reef fishes, including the effects of UV on: fish vision, coloration, behavior and ecology.
The Love Lab
Fish research, biology, list of species off the Pacific coast of North America.
University of New Mexico Museum of Southwestern Biology Division of Fishes
Projects and reports of ongoing work.

Fisheries Science

Australian Fisheries Ecologically Sustainable Development
Resource for collection and dissemination of information about using the principles of ecologically sustainable development (ESD) in fisheries management. ESD is a concept related to balancing of environmental, social and economic considerations.
Columbia Kootenay Fisheries Renewal Partnership
Fisheries restoration, enhancement and education in British Columbia, Canada.
Dept. of Inland Fisheries, Danish Institute of Fisheries Research
Research in ecology, management, evolution and population genetics of fishes. Special interests include lake ecosystems, salmonids, and the European eel.
Fish and Fisheries Studies
Salmon and marine fisheries research at USGS Alaska Biological Sciences Center.
Fish-Sci Mailing List
FISH-SCI provides an international forum for the discussion of scientific ideas and events pertaining to fish and fisheries.

Fishes of Canada
Explore the fish families of Canada, aquaculture, Canadian fisheries, and fish ecology.
Online catalogue (with abstracts) of aquaculture and fisheries books, journals, charts, and other publications from Blackwell Science Ltd. and Fishing News Books. Site also provides links to fisheries e-mail lists and other related websites.
ICLARM - International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management
Autonomous, nongovernmental, nonprofit, international scientific and technical center organized to conduct, stimulate and accelerate research on all aspects of fisheries and other living aquatic resources.
ICLARM - The World Fish Center
Organizes research on all aspects of fisheries and other living aquatic resources. Details of publications, research, services, projects, staff.
Institute for Fishery Ecology
At the Federal Research Centre for Fisheries, Hamburg, Germany. Information about marine research concerning chemistry, biology and biochemistry, biological effects of pollutants and diseases of fish.

Aquatic Ecology [MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION] 4 issues/12 months

A international multidisciplinary research project set up to resolve the influence of hydrographic fronts on the recruitment success of North Sea fish stocks.
Northwest Fisheries Science Center
A research facility of the Northwest Region of the National Marine Fisheries Service, NOAA, and is responsible for providing scientific and technical support for the management, conservation, and development of the Pacific Northwest region's anadromous and marine fishery resources. (USA).
Old Dominion University Center for Quantitative Fisheries Ecology
Includes information on fish ageing and a few species accounts.
Simulation of Sustainable Fishing
Paper describing a sustainable fishing simulation system accessible over the WWW. Intended to help ecology students learn about issues involved in environmentally sustainable fishing.
Sturgeon Conservation
Links providing extensive information on the continuing efforts to learn about sturgeon and assure their future.

The Northwest Fisheries Science Center
Responsible for providing scientific and technical support for the management, conservation, and development of the Pacific Northwest region's anadromous and marine fishery resources.
University of Washington School of Aquatic and Fishery Science
Information on current issues, research activities, and academic programs.
With a View to Fisheries
About selected topics in freshwater fisheries management, including seine netting and its effects on fish, electrofishing, fish diseases, gill structure, and research on carp feeding habits.
World Fisheries Trust
Works with professionals and communities to achieve sustainable management of economically important fish stocks.

Topics in Fisheries Science

Central New England Anadromous Fish Program
Restoring salmon and other anadromous fish to the Merrimack River and other watersheds. (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service)
Columbia Basin Research
Efforts at the University of Washington to investigate issues surrounding salmon biology in the Columbia and Snake River basins. CBR research has produced computer models which simulate and predict salmon migration and survival in the Columbia Basin and salmon harvest in the North Pacific.
Daily Fish Passage Report
Current data on fish passing dams in the Columbia River system, northwestern U.S. Fish counts for Lower Granite begin March 1st. Counts for Bonneville begin March 15th. All others begin April 1st.
Dam-Reservoir Impact & Information Archive: DRIIA
Information on dams, water diversions, impoundments, and hydroelectric projects, their impacts, and related links.
Fish Passage Center
Current and historic data on salmon and steelhead in the Snake and Columbia river basins.
FishXing Software and Learning Systems for Fish Passage Through Culverts
US Fish and Wildlife Service computer tools to assist in design and evaluation of culverts for fish passage. FAQ, downloads, bibliography of related technical papers, and other resources on the topic.
Individual-Based Fish Modeling at Humboldt State University
Modeling software, theory, and applications. Instream flow model for trout. Salmon out-migration survival simulator.
King County Salmon and Trout Topics
Online information about salmon and trout in King County and the Puget Sound region, including news, conservation and monitoring efforts, and conservation volunteer opportunities.
Lost at Sea: What's Killing the Great Atlantic Salmon?
Smithsonian Magazine article about threats to the population of this fish.
Max Ledbetter
Competition and information among British Columbia salmon purse seiners: spatial analysis, past exploitation rates, comments.
Pacific Salmon Recovery: A Sampling of Viewpoints
Review (with large collection of web links) of scientific, political, religious, and other views about Pacific salmon recovery for the Oregon Coast and Columbia River Basin; including views about dams, hatcheries, habitat, and fisheries.
Passive Integrated Transponder Information System
The Passive Integrated Transponder (PIT) tag has been developed as a research and management tool for monitoring the movement of juvenile and adult salmonids in the Columbia River Basin.
Razorback Sucker and Colorado Squawfish Parasites-Disease
Short report on an experimental study to determine the cause of the poor success of fish re-introductions in the Gila River.
Salmon Farming
Environmental Media Services briefing for journalists on environmental issues involved in salmon aquaculture. Also has articles about other concerns related to this fish.
Seymour River Fish Hatchery and Education Centre
Raising Salmon and trout for sustaining stocks in the Seymour River, British Columbia. An educational facility for teaching people the importance of fish, habitat and environment.
The Salmon Are Calling
Essay about the decline of wild salmon populations.
The Whirling Disease Foundation.
Information on the progress of whirling disease research. Whirling disease, caused by the microscopic parasite Myxobolus cerebralis, has severely damaged wild trout populations in some western U.S. fishing streams.
Washington Trout
Nonprofit science-based organization working to protect and restore Washington State's wild fish (including salmon) and their habitats. Site describes current stream survey and restoration projects.
Watershed Watch Salmon Society
Registered non-profit whose purpose is to conduct research, and educate the public about wild salmon and issues surrounding them. Information about fisheries and habitat management topics, particularly in Canada.
West Galloway Fisheries Trust
Manage Salmon fisheries in Scotland.
Whirling Disease Initiative
U.S. National Partnership on the Management of Wild and Native Cold Water Fisheries research and information on this trout infection caused by a parasite (Myxobolus cerebralis) with a two-host life cycle -- fish and worms.

Age of Aquariums
Contains articles, descriptions of aquarium setups, species profiles, and a large photo gallery.
Articles, bulletin boards, a trading board, and a diagnosis system for common diseases.
Aquaria Central
Extensive source for aquarium information.
Aquaria Hobbyist
Fora on many aquarium-related topics, archived forum threads, and user contributed articles and species profiles.
Aquarium Advice
Forums dedicated to a variety of topics.

Aquarium Fish Magazine
Magazine with articles about a variety of aquarium topics.
Aquarium Information Source
Contains a collection of articles, species profiles, and pictures. Also offers a newsletter.
Database of articles about aquarium management, fish keeping, breeding, aquatic plants, saltwater aquariums, koi, ponds, goldfish, cold water fish, fish humour and aquarium club affairs.
Aquatic Realm
Forums, articles, and a guide to local fish shops.
Aquatics Unlimited
Articles and tips covering general and beginner issues, aquarium equipment, fish compatibility, maintenance including pests and parasites, saltwater, ponds, water chemistry, fish health, plants and a miscellaneous section.

AquaWeb Fish Resources
News, photos, forums and a large link list.
Breeding Tropical Fish
Information on the keeping and breeding of tropical and coldwater freshwater and marine fish including sections on basic icthyology, water chemistry, fish health, species profiles, a message board, and MSN group signup.
Creating a Tropical Aquarium
This is a guide to creating a Tropical Aquarium, and includes advice on maintenance and disease, as well as a lot of pictures of different fish species.
An online aquarium maintenance program to help aquarists monitor their aquariums. Graph water parameters, enter livestock and equipment info, receive email reminders.
Everything About Fish
Offers a brief history and the basics of icthyology, solid advice for beginners, a listing of families, genera or species suitable for the home aquarium, and an article about large-scale aquaculture.

FINS - Fish Information Service
Articles, photo galleries, links, FAQ, and species index for freshwater and reef aquaria.
Fish Enthusiast
Basic articles, forums, and some species profiles.
Fish Geeks
Offers a database with over 1,800 tropical and marine fish and plants, over 5,000 fish photos, chat room, and family friendly forums.
Fish Link Central
Links directory to sites about fish.
Fish, Tanks and Ponds
Covers tropical, coldwater, freshwater and marine fish and inverts. Contains a forum, photo album, chat room, and various articles aimed at hobbyists with any level of experience.

Information and Advice About Fish
How to care for fish and aquariums, with setup, care, and handling instructions.
Jim's Fishy Pages
How-to articles on fishkeeping and aquascaping, aimed at beginner to intermediately experienced aquarists.
Miscellaneous articles, some reprinted from club periodicals, and website reviews.
Contains bulletin boards and chat organized by topic, a few articles on keeping various fish and invertebrate species, FAQs, and product reviews.
MEL: Fish and Marine Life
Information on breeding, pet fish, care and feeding.
Product reviews, species profiles, and a bulletin board.
Pandora's Aquarium
Information on freshwater and marine aquaria. Includes Basics, disease, plants, fish and invertebrate profiles, links and FAQ.
Pet Fish Talk
Radio talk show covering all aspects of fishkeeping, includes archives of previous show topics. [Requires Windows Media Player].
Star dot Aquaria FAQ
FAQ assembled by posters on rec, alt, and net.aquaria.
The Bailey Fish
Beginner's guide including information on care as well as pictures and descriptions of the owner's tanks.

The Fishie Zoo
A collection of articles, species profiles, and forums with information to help you care for many different species of fish. Also contains articles about general aquarium setup and upkeep.
The Krib
Articles, and archived usenet postings. Features Aquaria FAQ, and the Aquatic Plants Digest archives.
Wet Web Media
Articles on aquarium and pond set-up and maintenance, fish and invertebrate care, breeding, natural history, and taxonomy, photos, and information on starting an aquarium-related business.

Telecourse Oceanography The Voyage of the Beagle : Charles Darwin's Journal of Researches (Penguin Classics)
 by Charles Darwin, et al
2005 Oceanography

2005 Eldridge Tide and Pilot Book

Geography for Students

National Parks Resources

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